By Dr. Vikas Jain
Urologist, Robotic and Kidney Transplant Surgeon in Delhi explains
September, known as the ‘Prostate Cancer Awareness Month’, is a vital time to highlight the significance of understanding prostate cancer, one of the most common types of cancer in men. While the numbers can be concerning as per the study by EY & FICCI, Prostrate cancer is growing at a rate of 19%. Early detection and a robust understanding of its symptoms, causes, and preventive measures can help in fighting this disease more effectively.
What is Prostate Cancer?
The prostate is a walnut-sized gland located just below the bladder in men and plays a pivotal role in the reproductive system. Prostate cancer begins when cells in this gland grow uncontrollably. While some types grow slowly and may need minimal or even no treatment, others can be aggressive and spread quickly.
This type of cancer might not present any symptoms in its early stages. However, as it progresses, men may experience:
- Urinary changes: These can include difficulty in starting or stopping urine flow, a weak or interrupted flow, frequent urination, especially at night, and blood in urine.
- Sexual dysfunction: This might include erectile dysfunction or blood in semen.
- Pain or discomfort: Men may feel pain while sitting, owing to an enlarged prostate, or experience pain in the bones, hips, back, or chest (this may be due to cancer deposits in these areas in advanced disease).
- Loss of bladder or bowel control: This could be a sign of cancer pressing on the spinal cord.
If you experience any of these symptoms, immediately consult any well known and reputed urologist with experience of treating urology disorders and prostate cancer. You can search “Best urologist near me” on the internet and choose someone with thebest ratings and reviews.
Causes and Risk Factors
The exact cause of this type of cancer remains unclear, but there are certain risk factors associated with its development:
- Age: Prostate cancer risk increases with age, especially after 50.
- Family history: Men with a father or brother with this cancer history might be at a higher risk.
- Genetics: Certain DNA changes can lead to prostatic adenocarcinoma. Men with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations are at an increased risk.
- Diet and lifestyle: A diet high in red meat and low in fruits and vegetables might up the risk. Obesity can also be a contributing factor.
- Race: For reasons still under study, black men have a greater risk of prostate cancer than men of other races.
Prevention of Prostate Cancer in Delhi: Lowering Your Risk
While one cannot prevent cancer with absolute certainty, there are measures that can reduce the risk:
- Dietary habits: Opt for a low-fat diet. Increase the intake of fruits and vegetables. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, like flaxseeds and fish, have shown to reduce the risk.
- Maintain a healthy weight: Regular exercise can help in maintaining an optimal weight, which in turn can reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer.
- Regular screenings: Regular prostate screenings, which include a PSA blood test and DRE (digital rectal exam), especially for those over 50 or with a family history, can help in early detection.
- Limit calcium intake: Very high doses of calcium also increase the risk. However, the link isn’t firm, and the benefits of calcium should be weighed against the risks.
Awareness is the first step in the fight against prostate cancer. This ‘Prostate Cancer Awareness Month‘, I urge all men, especially those above 50 or with a family history, to get regular screenings and adopt a healthier lifestyle. Early detection, coupled with the right lifestyle choices and timely intervention, can make a significant difference. Remember, a proactive approach to your health can be your best defence against prostate cancer.
For more information or queries, feel free to reach out at the Madhuban Kidney care, one of the best Kidney Hospital in Delhi. Let’s work together towards a healthier future for all men.